Large supermarkets sell thousands of different kinds of foods. With so many different kinds of foods available, how do you know which ones to eat?
How much of each kind of food should you eat?
Nutrition scientists have studied these questions.
Their answers can help you choose foods your body needs for good health.
Foods contain substances called nutrients.
Different foods have different kinds and amounts of nutrients in them.
No one food has all the nutrients your body needs.
The six main kinds of nutrients your body needs are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
Look at the pictures to find out some of the sources of these nutrients and how each nutrient helps you.
Each kind of nutrient works best if it is combined with the other nutrients.
You need the right combination of nutrients to stay healthy.
Choosing a variety of foods can help you get the nutrients your body needs.
Carbohydrates give you energy.
Proteins give your body nutrients needed for growth and repair. Proteins also give you energy.
Vitamins help your body work, grow, and fight disease.
Water helps remove body wastes. Water also helps keep your body temperature steady.
Minerals help your body work and build new cells.